December 5, 2019
By Caroline Pailliez and Geert De Clercq
PARIS (Reuters) – Commuters scrambled to fix up old bicycles, reserve carpool rides and arrange emergency childcare ahead of one of France’s biggest public sector strikes in decades on Thursday.
Unions are digging in for a nationwide strike over pension reform that they hope will cripple transport networks, close schools, leave garbage piled high to force President Emmanuel Macron into retreat.
“I’ve never seen so many people retrieve dusty old bikes from their cellars,” said Julien, a mechanic at bike repair shop in the capital’s affluent Left Bank neighborhood.
The SNCF railway says only one in 10 commuter and high-speed TGV trains will run. Eurostar and Thalys have canceled at least half their services linking Paris with London and Brussels and the government has asked airlines to cancel 20% of flights.
More than half of all primary and secondary teachers are expected to walk out and hospital emergency rooms nationwide will operate on thin staffing. Transport unions have set no end-date for the strike.
“What we’ve got to do is shut the economy down,” Christian Grolier, a senior official from the hard-left Force Ouvriere union, told Reuters. “People are spoiling for a fight.”
President Emmanuel Macron wants to simplify France’s Byzantine pension system, which comprises more than 40 different plans, many with different retirement ages and benefits. Macron says the system is unfair and too costly.
He wants a single, points-based system under which for each euro contributed, every pensioner has equal rights.
Past attempts at pension reform have ended badly. Former president Jacques Chirac conservative government in 1995 caved into union demands after weeks of crippling protests.
Twenty-four years later, the looming standoff is a risky venture for France’s hard-left unions who have seen membership and public support wane in recent years. They are battling to remain relevant against a president who has faced down waves of strikes over reforms of the labor market and SNCF railways.
For Macron, the showdown will set the tone for the second half of his mandate, with more difficult reforms including to unemployment benefits to come.
The battle for public opinion will be critical, with the unions churning out leaflets and blitzing social media.
Many commuters are turning to carpooling for the first time, though monster traffic jams expected to snarl up the roads.
“Downloads for our new Blablalines commuter carpooling app are 10 times higher than on normal days,” said Nicolas Brusson, CEO of carpooling pioneer Blablacar.
The strikes follow months of sometimes violent “yellow vest protests” over the high cost of living and perceived elitism of political class.
Laurent Berger, head of the reform-minded CFDT union, said the social environment was more explosive than in 1995.
“In terms of tension, social cohesion and fractures within society, it’s a lot worse now,” Berger told Reuters.
(Writing by Leigh Thomas and Richard Lough; Editing by Alison Williams)